Ludwig’s angina is a rare bacterial infection of the floor of the mouth, under the tongue. It typically happens when a tooth infection spreads past the tooth, but it can also be caused by an infection in other parts of the mouth or throat.
If you have Ludwig’s angina, you may have symptoms that include:
- fever and chills
- feeling generally unwell
- mouth pain and drooling
- a stiff neck and pain when swallowing
- a muffled voice or trouble speaking
- swelling under your jaw
If the condition progresses, you may notice you have difficulty breathing, noisy breathing, and your skin and lips may turn blue.
Ludwig’s angina is an emergency condition that needs urgent treatment in hospital. If you think you have it, call an ambulance or go to hospital immediately.
Ludwig’s angina treatment
Ludwig's angina is usually treated by:
- keeping your airway open (a tube may be put directly into your throat or through your nose),
- surgery – this is less common